An eventful and exciting history
The so-called Les Iles éparses are "scattered islands" off the coast of Madagascar. Originally, these islands were clearly assigned to the country of Madagascar, but since the French colonial rule, Les Iles éparses are French territory. After the declaration of independence of Madagascar, France simply failed to return these islands to their rightful owner, the state of Madagascar. Since then, there have been repeated fierce Discussions, disagreements and arguments about Les Iles éparses. This is not only a matter of clarifying the legal claim to ownership, but also, and above all, of the rights of use for the islands. Currently, various military and meteorological stations are located on most of the scattered islands. In addition, in some areas of the islands, the French government has Nature reserves designated. The Entering is normally only with a special permit possible, although this is generally only granted in special cases. Particularly heated discussions have arisen in recent years, when it turned out that at least on one of the islands, Juan de Nova, rich oil and natural gas deposits are to be recovered. This is understandably another reason for France, not return the islands to the original and rightful owners. Instead, the permission of the two mining companies operating on Juan de Nova on behalf of France was just recently extended. Les Iles éparses, by the way, are not the only example of the shadows of colonization that can still be seen today with regard to France. There are also some islands in Antarctica that are still under the control of the French government. They are controlled by the French prefects for the TAAF (Terres Australes et Antarctiques). The islands are known as French overseas territory and the protests of the locals and the actual owners went almost unheard. Only in October 2015, the French ambassador in Antananarivo publicly declared that Les Iles éparses belong to France.