The African settlement
A major influence on the Development of the island of Madagascar and its population was primarily due to the African wave of colonization, in addition to the Asian wave. This arises simply because of the proximity of the island to the African mainland. The settlement by the Arabs mentioned in the introduction to this text, as well as their companions held as slaves, began in the 7th century and takes place across the Strait of Mozambique. In particular, people from the Bantu people had a pioneering role in this respect. With regard to archaeological findings, the records of the Arabs, who recorded their own settlement of the island in writing and, in parallel, also provided information about the settlement by the Bantu, are of great importance. Archaeologists today assume that African tribes settled the island only in the tenth century. In particular, excavations on the northwest coast of Madagascar near Mahilaka confirm this theory. The settlement of the island of Madagascar by the Arabs in the 7th century is now considered certain from a scientific point of view. At that time, the Arab sailors were much in the northwestern sea near Madagascar, because the island of Unguja, which is now known as Zanzibar, belonged to the Emirates of Oman. Also can be First settlements and permanent establishments on the west coast of Madagascar relatively precisely. The Arabs, however, were not only intent on bringing slaves from various countries of origin to the island, but were also, in all likelihood, there Self-resident or at least passed on their enormous knowledge and many cultural aspects. Thus, even today on the west coast of the country you can find the Antaimoro peoplewho live as Muslims and are known for the production of high quality paper. In addition, the Antaimoro have a so-called sacred script called Sorabe. This script is composed of Arabic characters and Malagasy words, is used mainly by astrologers and healers and is accordingly a clear sign of the influence of Arab settlement.
Also in the Malagasy language can still be found today numerous testimonies of the Arab settlement discover. In particular, the designations for the months and the days of the week can clearly be traced back to an Arabic word origin from a linguistic point of view. Another relic from this bygone era that is still clearly noticeable today are the so-called Ombiasy. These are Healers and medicine menTheir activities are still quite unknown today. What is certain, however, is that the Ombiasy not only devote their activities to healing people, but that they also produce poisons. Here, too, the Arab influence can consequently still be clearly detected today.