Geckos in Madagascar
Geckos have been at home on this earth for about 50 million years, surpassing humans and many other species many times over. The secret of the gecko's success lies in their maximum adaptability. This also ensures that the geckos are found in virtually all parts of the world. In Madagascar live Nine different species in total From geckos, some of which are more and others less known. The Taggeckos or phelsumen are relatively widespread on Madagascar. The special thing about this genus is the fact that many day geckos, as the name already makes clear, very active especially during the day are. The different subspecies each present themselves with their own unique coloration. Thus there are different day geckos, whose skin is colored quite simply green, and others, which show relatively complex color patterns. Day geckos like to eat insects and invertebrates and sometimes also pollen and nectar. It is assumed that most day geckos, which can be discovered today on many islands in the Indian Ocean, originally came from Madagascar. There can be found even today the largest deposit of this gecko genus.
But not only the Day geckos are at home in Madagascar: In total you will find more than 70 different species on the island. Most of them are Extremely flexible and very nimble on the road. This can be seen, among other things, on the so-called detention cells which they have at the ends of their fingers. Geckos are usually not necessarily shybut are driven by their appetite and hunger. That is why they are not seldom found in hotel rooms. However, tourists and locals are rarely piqued when they discover a gecko in their hotel room, because in this case there are automatically fewer mosquitoes and other insects in the room.
Also the Geckos family is once again subdivided into different genera. Here there are nine of them. The individual genera and their representatives differ partly extremely in physique and behavior. Also they inhabit completely different habitats and very different microclimates. We find in the family of geckos from Madagascar the following genera:
Blaesodactylus, Geckolepis, Hemidactylus, Paragehyra, Matoatoa, Paroedura, Uroplatus, Lygodactylus, Phelsuma
Probably the best known, because also the best to find representatives of this family, are the genera Phelsuma, Uroplatus and Paroedura.
The genus Phelsuma also bears the name in German-speaking countries Madagascar day geckos. Already in the naming is one of the main differences to the other two genera mentioned. In contrast to the Uroplaten and Paroedura the Phesumen are diurnal. Except for a few species, very strikingly colored animals can be found in this genus. Mostly the basic color is a strong green, which is supported by blue, red or also yellow color elements. Only a few species like Phelsuma guentheri are rather gray and inconspicuous colored. The best known species among the phelsumens is certainly Phelsuma grandis, which can reach a size of up to 30 cm.
The genera Uroplatus and Paroedura are both nocturnal and thus somewhat more difficult to find. In terms of coloration, they are much less intense animals than those from the genus Phelsuma. Among the species of the genus Uroplatus the most conspicuous representative is certainly Uroplatus giganteus. This "gigantic" gecko is one of the largest geckos in all of Madagascar. The animals can grow well over 30 cm and captivate with their white eyes.
Unfortunately, they are found only in a very small habitat, which also causes some endangerment of the species. Probably the most extraordinary gecko you can look for on Madagascar and with a lot of luck and some sweat also find is Paroedura masobewhich is also called Alien Gecko. The oversized black eyes are here probably name-giving.